The Wilderness Bushcraft Semester (WBS)

Course Info
· Length: 9-Weeks
· Sessions: 2
· When: Summer & Fall
· Max. Size: 12
· College Credits: 10
· GI Bill: Yes
· Americorps: Yes
· Tuition: $7250

Immersion Course In Traditional Wilderness Skills

Professional Training For Instructors & Guides
College-Accredited, GI Bill Approved

Summer 2024: Our 25th Year & 62nd Immersion Program

Course Calendar     Register Now

The Wilderness Bushcraft Semester is our flagship course, and our most popular. It’s a college level, residential course focusing on the practical, hard skills of living and traveling in the boreal forest. For 99% of human history what we teach has been the core knowledge of our species. During the semester we live it every day, focusing on the tangible, practical skills that make up the tool kit of the professional guide and instructor.

Our experience running long-term immersion programs is unmatched. As this field explodes with new schools and instructors, we’ve got over 24 years and 59 long-term immersion programs behind us. Experience matters. Our programs and methods are based on our extensive experience, not untested theories. No other school has our level of experience. No school has been doing it longer. No school has run as many long-term programs.

There is a lot of information about the program on this page, but it’s important to consider what’s not on it. You won’t find anything on the smells of the northern forest after a rain. You won’t read about how difficult and physically strenuous some of the things we do are. You won’t get a sense of the kinship or camaraderie that builds during a course. And you won’t understand the sense of accomplishment upon completing it. To get these things, you have to do it.


Journeyman Cert. Info
· Optional
· No Extra Cost
· Standards-Based
· About the Journeyman Cert.
· About JMBS Certs.

Journeyman Certification: Standards-Based Companion To The WBS

For current and future wilderness guides seeking professional recognition, we offer the Journeyman certification. Completion of the Journeyman means that you have demonstrated mastery over the course material on the Wilderness Bushcraft Semester, and have completed the documentation required for professional recognition. Jack Mountain Bushcraft School certifications consist of rigid documentation standards, use standards-based testing, and are physically and academically rigorous. For more information on our certifications, why we offer them, and what they entail, click on the links in the yellow box. Please note that if you want to become a Registered Maine Guide, you will have to take the state test.

Course Format: Wilderness Immersion

We call our course an immersion program because for the entire experience you live in the woods at our 85 acre field school in northern Maine. You also spend 2 of the 9 weeks on remote trips a long way from cell-coverage. The lessons learned are reinforced every day as part of the lifestyle.

There are other programs that also describe themselves as immersion programs, but they meet one weekend per month, or for six hours per day, three days per week. This seems a bit disingenuous to us and more like a part-time program. It’s simply a different experience cooking every meal for 9 weeks over a fire than living in an apartment and packing a lunch. They’re probably great programs with valuable lessons to teach, but they’re fundamentally different from us in what they try to achieve and how they go about it. We’re all about the experience, and it’s that experience that sets our program apart from the others.

Think about it like learning a language (because that’s really what it is); are you more likely to learn, absorb and retain it if you studied it three days a week for 6 hours, or if you lived it 24 hours a day, 7 days a week? Pretty simple when put this way, right?


Curriculum: Deep Knowledge Based On Experience

Unlike short courses, the WBS is not a show and tell type of program. Students receive intensive instruction, but then it’s is used and lived until it becomes second nature. The emphasis is on doing. Our curriculum is designed as a cumulative sequence of learning experiences where the resulting outcome is greater than the sum of the parts. This is a much different approach than assembling a collection of random skills and activities. Our goal isn’t just that a student is able to “do” a skill. Instead it’s to develop their knowledge, attitude and physical skills into a cohesive whole. We draw on:

Bushcraft.  The art of living in wild places with minimal gear, or life without infrastructure. Includes building shelters, making fires, using axes, knives and saws, cooking over a brush fire, living out under the blue sky, etc. Become comfortable being part of the landscape. A subset of bushcraft is wilderness survival. Learn the skills needed to survive in the forest during all seasons.

Ecology. We’re not talking about skimming the surface; we’re talking about getting deep. You learn edible plants by identifying them in the field, then incorporating them into your diet. You learn about mammals and their tracks then identify them in the field. You study the weather and learn to predict it using observational forecasting. You study the night sky and learn to navigate using it. You learn static knowledge, then put it into action.

Outdoor Leadership & Guide Training. The soft skills are what make or break a trip. Learn the skills of group dynamics, decision making, risk management and more. More  important that the individual skills, learn to think and act like a leader by modeling after professional guides who have led hundreds of trips, both summer and winter.

Crafting. Where our hands meet the natural world. Learn to make useful items from forest materials. Projects include bowls, saw frames, backpacks, sleeping pads, rope, baskets, knives and crooked knives,  and much more. Occasionally we cross paths with people who will refer to this as “arts and crafts”. It’s much more than that. It’s building what you need from natural materials. It’s what changes you from being a mindless consumer to being an enlightened producer. Nothing makes you more self-reliant than doing and making it yourself.

Expedition Canoe Skills. Many people have been in a canoe, but few have unlocked the potential of this ancient craft. Learn how to use your whole body to paddle powerfully, hour after hour, day after day. Learn the art of poling to travel upstream and down and have total control over a loaded 18 or 20 foot canoe. Learn to control your boat from shore in a big rapid by lining and tracking. The canoe is the most versatile watercraft ever invented. You’ll learn it’s language as you travel a hundred miles on Maine’s remote waterways, and it will for ever become a part of you.

Sustainability. Our field school is a working off-grid homestead. There are countless lessons you’ll learn by living the lifestyle. You’ll also have formal instruction on stationary and portable solar power systems, composting everything, planning, planting and keeping a garden, low-tech solar hot water, using the sun to cook food, using wood to cook on a rocket stove and wood-fired cook stove, drying and storing food, processing wild foods, and much, much more. If you want to learn to live without infrastructure and build or improvise your own, this is a great place to do it. And along the way you’ll learn that it’s a graceful process filled with fun, not suffering.

Fishing. We are passionate about fly fishing. You’ll learn to cast, read the river, and a lot about fish and water.

For more specifics on the course curriculum for the WBS, go to the Journeyman Certification page.

Assessment: Skills From The Past, Assessment From The Future

Our assessment system is based around rigid documentation standards, rigorous practical examinations and completing functional field assessments. We set the bar high and students need to be focused and work hard to complete all of the requirements. Our documentation sysytem is based in Google Classroom, and students complete daily and weekly assignments on a tablet, compiling an incredible amount of work and knowledge by the end of the course.

Expedition-Based Learning

We have guided expeditions on Maine’s remote canoe routes since the 1990’s. During the semester we take several short trips and one long one traveling on Maine’s remote rivers because it’s better to get out and do it in the field than to talk about it in a classroom. On these expeditions you learn the details of how to manage a group in the field as well as developing travel skills.

We favor the lesser-known canoe routes in the Aroostook river drainage. Travel by water is subject to weather and water levels. As such we reserve the right to change our itinerary in advance or at the very last minute. 

NOTE: In the past we’ve had people participate in a semester class that didn’t know we were going to spending a lot of time traveling by canoe. We are.

TRIPS ARE NOT OPTIONAL In past semesters some students have wanted to skip trips and stay in camp. This is not an option. We don’t allow people at the field school without an instructor present. Instructors are scheduled to be with the group on trips. As such, if a student does not want to or cannot participate on the scheduled trips for the course, they will be removed from the course and sent home. Students are free to opt-out of any activity, whether at the field school or in the field. But they are not free to opt-out of trips in order to avoid negatively affecting the rest of the group. We travel as a group.

Morning On The Trail

Intended Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the WBS, students will:

1.  Demonstrate skill proficiency and extensive experience in a wide variety of bushcraft and primitive skills, including fire, shelter, outdoor cooking, observational weather forecasting, carving, basketry, cordage and natural bindings, navigation, and the use of the axe, saw, and knife.
2.  Demonstrate knowledge and skill in traditional canoe skills, including paddling, poling, safely running whitewater, portaging, and other related skills.
3.  Make a variety of pieces of traditional gear, including a canoe paddle and pack basket.
4.  Have a working knowledge of basic, intermediate, and advanced wilderness survival.
5.  Assemble and maintain a tool kit with which they can make a variety of different crafts.
6.  Navigate by map and compass, and also by using barehand methods.
7.  Build a strong foundation of nature knowledge about the weather, plants, the stars and constellations, mammals and their tracks, fish, etc.
8.  Have a working knowledge of 50 edible, medicinal, and otherwise useful wild plants.
9.  Document daily progress with individual skills in their logbook.

The view from the top of Haystack Mountain. Squapan lake in the distance.

The view from the top of Haystack Mountain. Squapan lake in the distance.

Process, Not Product

Something students hear a lot around the field school is that it’s the process that’s important, not the product. We’re process-driven. It’s nice to have a good-looking bow at the end of the process, but we’re more invested in people being able to replicate the process after the course.  (Read about the process of learning bowmaking).

Jack Mountain founder Tim Smith spent 2 years studying how people learn and best practices for teaching in graduate school, resulting in a Master’s degree in education. For the ensuing 25 years he’s operated his own educational laboratory (this school).  Along the way we have discovered a lot of things that work, as well as a lot that don’t. We’re always adapting, innovating and trying to do it better. 

Learning empowers people. In a single word, our educational philosophy and mantra is CAN. Read the expanded version on our educational philosophy page.

Wolf track in the sand by a remote lake in northern Quebec.

WBS Course Schedule

Overview. During the semester we spend roughly two weeks on canoe trips during the middle and second half of the course. We finish the course with individual solos, where students are alone for three days and two nights in a remote location. The balance of the time we are at and near the field school

Weekly Schedule. On a typical week school is in session from Monday-Friday. Unless we are in the field on a trip, we take weekends off. People usually use this time to catch up on course work, go to town for supplies, do laundry and explore the surrounding region

Daily Schedule. There is a lot to learn about living off the grid in the initial stage of the course, but once things settle down and we get into our routine, we usually start at 8 am and quit around 3 PM. After we wrap up for the day, students have academic work, daily readings, keeping up with crafting benchmarks, and other homework to keep them busy. We squeeze a lot into a typical day and there is always more to do. It is important to note that while living at the field school, many of the greatest opportunities for growth occur after hours when students are living and working with the skills and technologies covered during the course. For example, most of our students become experts at cooking over open fires simply because they get so much experience doing it, day after day. A key design principle of the course is the amount of experience that students accumulate in all aspects of outdoor living.

Community Involvement And Getting Out

We encourage students to explore the community, farmers markets, local food producers, and local culture. We are not attempting to replicate a 3rd-rate reality tv show by trapping people in the woods. Students are not stuck at the field school. When we finish for the day, while there is always more to to and academic work to keep up with, students are encouraged to get away from the field school to fish, go to the farm stand, or do whatever makes them happy. Students are also encouraged to explore the region on weekends off, such as the downeast coast or the high peaks of Baxter State Park. On one course a student’s father had a camp about 45 minutes from the field school, and he was able to spend most weekends with his dad. We encourage this. Weeks are busy. Weekends are a time to catch up and recharge. We encourage this.

Our Classroom: 85 Acre Off-Grid Field School & The North Maine Woods

Our field school is a working homestead located on the Aroostook river in Masardis, Maine. More info.

Directly across the road from the North Maine Woods, a 3.5 million acre working forest that’s like heaven for sportsmen and wilderness travelers.


Paying For the Course
& Making It Pay

For College & Gap Year Students: We work with students and colleges to provide college credit. We are actively seeking other partners at the university level. Past students have used consortium agreements and financial aid to help pay for the course. Students can earn 10 credits from Western State Colorado University that can be transferred to their home school. For more information contact the Western State Colorado University Extended Studies office.

Other students have completed independent studies through their home institution to receive credit. More information on college credit.

For Military Veterans: 100% of the course tuition is covered by the GI Bill (more info).  We have also had students pay 100% of the tuition using vocational rehabilitation (chapter 31). More info.

Americorps Education Awards: Students can use Americorps Education Awards to pay tuition. More info.

Tuition Financing: We offer tuition financing allowing students to take several years to pay for the course (more info).

Scholarships: We offer scholarships directly to college students (more info). Past students have also taken advantage of outside scholarships (more info).


What The Course Is Not

It is not a place to learn native spirituality. We teach and model respect for the land and its inhabitants but we don’t do so through new age religion or by misappropriating the spirituality and ceremonies of Native American or First Nation peoples.

It is not a hippy-hangout. A few years back one of our students told us he was advised by the owner of a survival school that leans tactical that he should avoid coming to Jack Mountain because we were “a bunch of hippies singing kumbaya around the fire.” Funny, but not remotely true.

It is not a reality tv show. Students are not trapped at the field school during a course. They are welcome to go to town whenever they’d like. We treat them as adults and expect them to act like adults.

Not a place for substance abuse. We’re not a great fit for substance abusers. If you have to use every day, we’re probably not a good fit for you. It crushes the motivation of a group if someone is staying out late, sleeping in, wandering into camp late and hanging around not being productive. Our job is maintain this space as one that is conducive to learning. This means that we are actively minimizing distractions due to their negative impact on the group. We ask our students to stay focused during the course. Those who can’t are asked to leave.


Hunting, Fishing And Trapping

Fishing: The open water fishing season ends on around the end of September each year. The best fishing of the year is during our spring course.

Hunting: There are several open hunting seasons that take place during the fall course, including the open season for bowhunting and firearms seasons for bear, moose, grouse and hare. There are no open hunting seasons during the spring course.

Trapping: We have a regular unit on primitive traps and trapping, but we won’t be catching any animals with them because it is illegal.

Gear: We don’t lend gear, except under very controlled situations. For fly fishing gear, we have one extra fly rod that can be used to practice casting while we’re teaching. We don’t lend it for people to go and fish with. We don’t lend bows or firearms except in completely controlled, target situations. What this means to you is that you can learn to shoot here, but you won’t be hunting with our equipment.

Licenses No one will actively fish or hunt on our courses without the proper licenses and permits. Many opt to hunt with their cameras, for which no license is needed. For more information on hunting and fishing licenses, permits, seasons and laws, go to the Maine Department Of Inland Fisheries And Wildlife.

Allagash Brook Trout

Allagash Brook Trout

Wilderness Bushcraft Semester History

The idea for the Wilderness Bushcraft Semester was born in a wall tent during a trip along the remote Maine/Quebec border in February of 2000. We were on a 14-day trip snowshoe trip, hauling our gear on handmade toboggans and enjoying the deep snow and bitter cold of late winter. As the wind howled outside we were cozy and warm in the heat of the wood stove and illuminated by the light of a candle. We talked into the long night about putting together a semester-length course that, were we to be learning the ways of the bush from scratch, we’d like to take. For our curriculum, we’d include the skills of living and guiding in the northern forest. To teach them, we’d combine cutting edge educational ideas with the tested, experiential immersion styles that guides have shared with apprentices for generations.

A lot has happened since that night in the wall tent. We’ve added a college credit option, worked with the Veterans administration to secure GI Bill funding for our students, worked with Americorps, been the focus of national media, and spent a lot of time in the woods and on the trail teaching and guiding. We’ve had students from around the USA, Canada, Europe, and as far away as New Zealand. We’ve had many alumni go on to pass the state exam to become Registered Maine Guides, and to lead their own expeditions in both summer and winter.

The course has changed a bit over the years. We’ve learned a lot about teaching in the field and with minimal infrastructure. But all these years later we’re still operating by the same simple guiding principle we started with; to create a course that we would like to take.

Blowing a bow drill coal in a tinder bundle into a flame.

7 Elements Of Jack Mountain Programs

Skill – Journey – Craft – Nature – Culture – Sustainability – Self

Drawing on the philosophies of bushcraft we’ve developed over 21-years of field courses, the traditions of Maine Guides that go back generations, the Cree concept of miyupimaatisiium (translated as “being alive well”) and the Scandinavian idea of friluftsliv (translated as “open air life”), the following seven elements comprise the components of our semester and yearlong programs.

1. Skill – Learn by doing. Too much of modern education is theoretical, abstract and sedentary, where the head is engaged but the hands are not. We depart from that norm with a tangible, hands-on approach that emphasizes being an active participant in the natural world and in life. Our 21-point curriculum focuses on necessary skills for the professional outdoors person.

2. Journey – Travel through remote parts of the north woods alongside professional guides, directly experiencing what you’re learning. Live in the bush for extended lengths of time where the focus isn’t simply how-to, but living with efficiency and grace that come with extensive experience.

3. Craft – Explore the world with your hands. Build useful items from materials gathered on the landscape. Man needs tools to live. Making these necessary items from materials gathered from the landscape bonds you to the land and makes you self-reliant.

4. Nature – Learn the language of the world around you. Study the weather, edible/medicinal plants, fungi, mammals and their tracks, birds, fish, mollusks, insects, amphibians, reptiles, rocks, minerals, soil, water, ice, celestial bodies and ecology.

5. Culture – Culture is the human element, or soft skills, which make or break an expedition. Learn management and leadership skills crucial to the professional guide and outdoor leader, as well as how to instruct effectively.

6. Sustainability – Life is different with minimal infrastructure. Learn the techniques of living a simple, low-tech life with minimal inputs by living them every day. Compost everything that will rot, grow food, reuse and repurpose resources, care for the land and leave it healthier for future generations.

7. Self – Learn your specific needs and boundaries. In a world of generalizations, it’s important to know exactly what you need to function well. How much sleep do you need to function? How much water? How much of a bed do you need to make in order to sleep well? This is about intimately knowing yourself and what you need to do to keep your body alive and well. The only way to learn it is to live it.


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